Name: Khaos (Chaos)
Offspring of: Nothing- Arose from the abyss.
Children: Gaia, Tartarus, Erebus, Nyx, and Eros
Occasionally referred to as a goddess, Khaos is the creator of all. The Titans and Olympians eventually came to being as a result of Khaos. The name literally translates to “the gap”, meaning the gap between heaven and earth. Khaos was the mother of Gaia (the Earth) and other substances of air. Khaos is also the grandmother of the Moirae, better known as The Fates.
"Ere land and sea and the all-covering sky were made, in the whole world the countenance of nature was the same, all one, well named Chaos, a raw and undivided mass, naught but a lifeless bulk, with warring seeds of ill-joined elements compressed together. No Titan [Helios the Sun] as yet poured light upon the world, no waxing Phoebe [Selene the Moon] her crescent filled anew, nor in the ambient air yet hung the earth, self-balanced, equipoised, nor Amphitrite’s [the Sea’s] arms embraced the long far margin of the land. Though there were land and sea and air, the land no foot could tread, no creature swim the sea, the air was lightless; nothing kept its form, all objects were at odds, since in one mass cold essence fought with hot, and moist with dry, and hard with soft and light with things of weight."
-Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. 1 ff (trans. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. to C1st A.D.)
@2 years ago with 30 notes
#Khaos #Greek #Greek Mythology
Within Greek Mythology there are 9 muses. They are essentially the goddesses who inspire literature, science, and the arts. Believed to be the source of knowledge and creativity, Clio, Thalia, Erato, Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Calliope, Terpsichore, Urania, and Melpomene were the muse sisters.
Melopmene in particular was initially born as the Muse of Life. However, when she and Zeus had a child, Hera (Zeus’s wife) placed a curse on her and she became the Muse of Death. Later, Melpomene slept with Zeus once more and this time, bore him a son again. Once discovered by Hera, she became enraged. In her anger, she made Melpomene infertile and turned her into the Muse of Tragedy. It is said that Melpomene is the love of Zeus’s life.
A way to identify Melpomene in art is the tragedy mask she holds which is used in tragic plays.
Requested by: melpomuse
@2 years ago with 32 notes
#the muses #melpomene #Greek Mythology #Greek
Artists and their work can be viewed as a forbidden love. As beautiful as a work of art may be, there will never be life within it. This is the case for Pygmalion and his statues. He is a sculptor who creates beautiful pieces in Aphrodite’s image. One day he makes a statue so beautiful, he falls in love with it. In his mind, the carved piece of ivory is flawless. He begins to see the imperfections of every woman he encounters and realizes he will never want another woman. He begins to treat it as if it were a real woman and lays with it every night. However, because this sculpture isn’t alive, he prays every night to Aphrodite to have a woman as perfect as his piece of art. As hard as he prayed, Aphrodite did not grant him anything. Eventually, a festival in the name of the goddess was held. Pygmalion decides one last time he will pray to her. Instead, this time he goes to the temple of Aphrodite and asks for his wish. She finally begins to see he will be lonely for the rest of his life unless she takes pity on him and grants his wish. Pygmalion returns to his home heartbroken and distraught. He begins to cry on his statues shoulder and as he does, her skin begins to soften. He kisses her and she begins to turn into a real woman and they are in love. He names her Galatea, which means “she who is as white as milk" due to the paleness of her skin which once was ivory.
@3 years ago with 62 notes
#greek #mythology #myths #pygmalion #galatea
The story of Medusa is common knowledge: a woman with a head of snakes who can turn you into stone with a single glance. However, what is less known is why she was turned into her infamous form. In classical mythology, Medusa is one of three Gorgon sisters. Stheno, Medusa, and Euryale, were children of the ancient marine deities, Phorcys and his sister Ceto. Out of all three, Medusa was the only one subject to mortality. She was once a stunningly beautiful young woman with a magnificent head of hair and was courted by many suitors. Poseidon soon became enamored with Medusa’s beauty and while she was praying in Athena’s temple, he raped her. Medusa begged Athena for help but the goddess was disgusted that the sanctity of her temple had been violated in such a way. To ensure Medusa was never to experience mans urges again, Athena turned her into a hideous being with snakes as hair and the destructive power to turn anyone who looked directly at her into stone due to her unsightly appearance.
@3 years ago with 79 notes
#Medusa #Greek #mythology #myths #gods #Greek Mythology
While some have their drug of choice, The Lotus-Eaters prefer to stay natural. In an island near North Africa, are a race of people who are dominated by the lotus plant called the Lotus-Eaters, also known as lotophagi or lotophaguses. When the lotus is consumed, it causes a state of peaceful sleep and apathy brought on due to the narcotic elements within the lotuses. In the Odyssey, Odysseus speaks of how the north winds blew him and his men off course as they were rounding Cape Malea, the southernmost tip of the Peloponnesus, headed westwards for Ithaca. They drifted on for nine days and on the tenth, they found the island of the Lotus-eaters. They landed to rejuvenate their health and after they did, Odysseus sent three men to check on the native inhabitants on the island. Instead of being hostile, they offered the men the lotus flower to eat which was so delicious that the men forgot about home. They no longer cared to go back or do anything but eat the flower. After Odysseus realized this, he dragged the men back onto the ship though they wept bitterly and Odysseus warned the rest of the men not to eat the lotuses. You may also be familiar with the film “Percy Jackson & The Olympians: The Lightning Thief” where they portrayed the den of the Lotus-Eaters as a casino in Las Vegas.
@3 years ago with 54 notes
#The Lotus Eaters #Greek #Greek Mythology #mythology #myths #Odyssey